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G.S. Oladipo

Editorial

The current issue of the Journal of Anatomical Sciences (Volume 12 Number 2) has 16 peer-reviewed research articles that cut across different areas of Basic Medical Sciences, most of which are from the various subdisciplines of Anatomy. The publication of the current issue coincides with t...

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Enye Linus Anderson, Saka Olusola Stephen, Haliru Muhammad Mahdi & Ige Mokolade Samson

Histological Studies of Effects of Orlistat on the Liver of High Fat Diet Adult Male Wistar Rats

Fats consist of a wide group of compounds, which soluble in organic solvents and insoluble in water. This study is designed to evaluate the impact of high fat diet on the liver of the adult wistar rats. A total number of fifteen wistar rats with an average weight of 130-150g were purchased from th...

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This study assessed the effects of methanol fruit extract of Pheonix dactilyfera and lead acetate on histology of the testes. This work was essential in providing information on interactions between the date palm extract and lead acetate in rat testes. Twenty five male Wistar rats were grouped int...

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Umar MI, Abdulkadir M, Jamil DU, Justina AE, Umar KB, Adamu LH, Muhammad AA and Abubakar M

Body Weight and Academic Performance among Medical Students at a Nigerian Higher Education Institution in Kano

The current study looked at the relationship between body weight and academic performance among students at Yusuf Maitama Sule University Kano's Basic Medical Science program. A stratified sampling technique was used to select subjects for a correlational survey study. A total of 162 male and fema...

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Cadmium is a toxic heavy metal that accumulates predominantly in soft tissues and as such is currently one of the most important occupational and environmental pollutants. The study evaluated the potential protective effects of watermelon seed oil on cadmium-induced toxicity in the cerebrum of mal...

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G.S. Oladipo

Editorial

The current issue of the Journal of Anatomical Sciences has 32 peer-reviewed research articles that cut across different areas of Basic Medical Sciences, most especially Anatomical Sciences and the biography of our dear President-Professor Theresa B. Ekanem whose painful death is still being mou...

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Environmental pollution, stress, lifestyle, infections and several other factors are major aetiological factors of male infertility. To evaluate the effects of oral ingestion of aqueous extract of Syzygium aromaticum (clove buds) on the seminiferous tubules, testicular histology, testosterone leve...

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Chrysophyllum albidum leave is one of the common folk medicinal plants used by some rural people in Nigeria. Its effects were study on sex hormones and the histology of the ovary of adult Sprague- Dawley rat. Fifteen female rats of 120-150g were used. The rats were grouped into three of five each....

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Build-up of Aluminium within the brain can occur via different routes. Accumulation of aluminium in different forms have been known to trigger neuronal excitotoxicity and hence triggering apoptosis among neuronal cells. The aim of this study was to study the protective effects of eugenol on alumin...

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Olanrewaju JA, Owolabi JO, Enya JI, Arietarhire L, Olatunji SY, Adelodun ST, Ojabodu F, Fabiyi S O, Desalu AB

Activities of Abelmoschus Esculentus Seed Extract on the Structures and Hippocampus Associated Functions of Depressed Male Wistar Rat Induced by Chronic Stress

Chronic stress if not manage properly results to major depression disorder which has profound impact on individual's life quality and deeply related to suicide death worldwide. This serious mental disorder is closely linked to the hippocampus due to it functionality in the regulation of cortisol p...

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Amadi PN, Okolo KI, Fawehinmi HB, Oladipo GS, Obi KC, Onyeso G, Umahi OG and Ewunonu EO

A Study of Fingerprints in Relation to Gender and Blood Group ABO Among Students of Madonna University Elele Campus, Rivers State

Dermatoglyphics is a term used to describe the epidermal ridge configuration found on the skin surfaces of the digits, palms, toes and soles of the feet. Prints of these ridge patterns are important for identification of an individual's true identity. The present study evaluates the relationship b...

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Mercury toxicity has been reported to cause distortion of gait and motor co-ordination due to deficit in the activity of cerebellum. Chelation therapy used in heavy metal toxicity is expensive and has been associated with adverse side effects. Therefore, the present study was aimed at evaluating t...

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Henry , Agbon , Yakubu , Simon , Shuaib , Sule , Yahaya , Usman , Ivang , Oladimeji , Bobbo and Mahdi O

Neurobehavioral and Microscopic Assesements of Methanol Fruit Extract of Phoenix Dactylifera on Lead Acetate-Induced Cerebellar Changes in Wistar Rats

Lead is a highly toxic substance, exposure to which can produce a wide range of adverse health effects on humans including neurological conditions. Phoenix dactylifera (date palm) is of vast medicinal and nutritious values. This study assessed the neuroprotective effect of methanol fruit pulp extr...

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Hyperlipidaemia also called high cholesterol level is an important cause of adverse health outcomes including cardiovascular complications, obesity, metabolic disorders, infertility. Date fruit is rich in phytochemicals such as carotenoids, polyphenols (e.g., phenolic acids, isoflavons, lignans, a...

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Amadi PN, Peters EC, Fawehinmi HB, Ilochi ON, Oladipo GS, Ewunonu EO, Umahi-Otta G, Osaat RS, Obi KC

Determination of Interpupillary Distances Among Students of Igbo Origin in Madonna University, Elele, Rivers State, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Pupillary distance (PD) or inter-pupillary distance (IPD) is the distance measured in millimeters between the centers of the pupils of the eyes. The present study evaluates the inter-pupillary distances amongst Madonna University undergraduates of Igbo origin. The sample size comprised of 125 Igbo...

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Annona muricata and Aloe barbadenis miller are multipurpose plants of great economic value, identified to contain different plant phytochemical and biological activities The aim is to study the mitigating effect of Annona muricata extract and aloe barbadenis miller gel on an aluminum induced hepat...

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Sadeeq AA, Bauchi ZM, Tanko M, Timbuak JA, Mukhtar AI, Fatika AR, Abdullahi A, Muhammad Z, El-ladan IS, Rilwan BH

Mercury Exposure and Post Exposure Recovery of the Cerebellar Cortex and Hippocampus of Adult Wistar Rats

Global environmental toxicants including Mercury (Hg) has potential health hazards to both human and animals. The studies investigate role of mercury exposure (ME) and mercury post exposure recovery (MPER) on grip strength and memory of adult Wistar rats. Eighteen adult Wistar rats were divided in...

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Olatomide OD, Musa SA, Ema EJ, Bello Z M, Zachariah R, Bello A and Policy PA

Novel Technique for Extraction of the Hippocampus of Adult Male Wistar Rats

The hippocampus is one of the most widely studied areas in the brain because of its remarkable neuronal cell plasticity, functional role in memory processing and learning, and its involvement in some neurodegenerative diseases. Despite being one of the most studied areas in the brain, it is not easi...

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Cisplatin (CP) is used in the management of tumours but has side effects mediated in part by oxidative damage which limits its use. The seed extract of Raffia hookeri (SERH) with known antioxidant property was investigated to determine its capability to ameliorate perturbations in rat brain expose...

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Aluminium phosphide is an inorganic phosphide used to control insects and rodents in a variety of settings. It is soluble in most organic solvents emit a colourless gas and is odourless when pure. Tocopherol is a lipid-soluble antioxidant that can attenuate the effects of peroxide and protect agai...

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Many scientific researchers have reported on onion extracts' potent antioxidant property linked to its rich flavonoid compound - quercetin. This study was designed to investigate how raw onion juice supplementation can boost the antioxidant status and improves broncho-alveolar epithelium in adult ...

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The hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis exerts profound multilevel inhibitory effects on the reproductive system. But it has remained contentious how these connections influence reproduction, especially if vision is impaired or there is a subsisting stress condition. Many works have been carried ou...

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The ovary is the female gonad and it produces sex hormones that are responsible for the release of ovum during the menstrual cycle. Diabetes has been reported to have deleterious effect on the structure and function of the ovary. Mucuna pruriens is a plant that has been reported to have hyperglyce...

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Allen's rule predicts that limbs are more elongated under warmer climates and shortened under colder ones. Crural index is assumed to vary from population to population and race to race due to climatic changes. This study seeks to establish crural index in the Urhobo people of Nigerians and see it...

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The cerebellum is vulnerable to damage from a variety of sources such as degenerative diseases, infectious processes and toxins, like, mercury. In traditional medicine, various parts of Phoenix dactylifera (date palm) are used to treat disorders, such as, loss of consciousness, nervous disorders...

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Plants make an important contribution to health care. This is due to the recognition of the value of traditional medicinal systems. Occimum gratissimum (O. gratissimum) is used in the coastal areas of Nigeria for the treatment of various ailments. This study was done to investigate the morphological...

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Tooth loss is mainly attributed to dental caries and periodontal diseases. The aim of this study was to determine the factors related to tooth loss among Deltans in Nigeria. The multi-stage sampling technique was employed in this cross sectional study. Data were collected through...

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Acanthus montanus is a herbal remedy for inflammation and Pains. This work studied the structure of the testes and analysed semen parameters in 21 Wistar rats. Eight weeks old rats weighing l 35-l 50g were used. The leaves were dried, ground and extracted using 70% alcohol. Animals were randomly di...

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Costus afer is a medicinal plant used as a therapy for diabetes and hypertension. The study investigated the effect of crude ethanolic extract of Costus afer stem and itsjuice on the expression of CK7 cytokeratin protein, histology and some enzymes in the liver. The study is designed to assess possi...

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The kidney is one of the target organs of mercury toxicity. Mercuric chloride produces oxidative damage by enhancing peroxidation of membrane lipid. Studies have shown that Solanum gilo has nutritional and medicinal features such as high level of antioxidant compounds. The aim of this study was to...

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This study was aimed at determining the effects of moringa oleiferia aqueous leaf on phenylhydrazine-induced anemia and bone marrow toxicity in adult wistar rats. Twenty adult wistar rats weighing between 190 – 230g were used for this study. The animals were obtained and nurtured at the animal hou...

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Vernonia amygdalina is used as nutraceutical and in many cultures as edible vegetable, and phytomedicine in the management or treatment of a myriad of ailments including malaria, breast cancer and hypertension. This study was aimed at determining its histomorphological effect on the liver, kidney ...

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The neuro-behavioural responses to luffa aergyptiaca mill on mefloquine-induced seizure was investigated in rats. Thirty (30) Albino Wistar rats Weighing (190-250g) were randomly assigned into 5 groups with five rats in each group. Group one was control. Group two was induced with mefloquine only (...

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We carried out a study on the exit pattern of the Sciatic nerve in a sample of Nigerian cadavers. Two hundred and eighty two (282) gluteal regions from one hundred and forty one (141) cadavers were dissected using the protocols designed in Cunningham's dissection manual (15th Edition) and Finley's...

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This study was carried out to determine the average value for the stature, thigh length and thigh length to stature ratio of the Yoruba ethnic group. It was also carried out to determine the correlation between the stature and thigh length, and to establish a formulae for estimation of height usin...

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Damage to the cellular components of the cerebellum, altered motor coordination and ataxia has not been reported as findings in studies addressing lead-induced toxicity in experimental studies. This study aimed at finding out the effects of lead exposure on the cellular profile of the cerebellum and...

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This study determined which central adiposity measure can better predict percent body fat (PBF) and Body mass index and the incidence of obesity, overweight , normal weight and underweight in women from Rivers and Kaduna, Nigeria.A total of 788 (Rivers state, n=401 and Kaduna, n=387) apparently he...

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Ovarian tumours continue to be one of the leading gynaecological conditions in Nigeria. These are associated with late presentation and poor outcome in the event of malignancy.To ascertain the prevalence, clinical and pathological features of ovarian tumours at the University of Port Harcourt Teac...

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This study investigated the national health status of adults in Owerri Municipal L.G.A. Imo State, Nigeria, as indicated by their body mass index (BMI) and waist to hip ratio (WHR). 100 subjects comprising 50 male and 50 female adults were recruited for the study. Using standard procedures, their ...

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Prof. G.S. Oladipo

Editorial

The current issue of the Journal of Anatomical Sciences contains 31 peer-reviewed research articles that cut across different areas of Anatomical Sciences and two biographies of our departed Colleagues - Emeritus Professor Dorothea Lillian Baxter-Grillo and Professor Musa Baba Tanko Umar. O...

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Lewu FS, Keji ST, Olajide OJ, Bamisi O, Atoyebi A, Arogundade TT, Yawson EO, Tokunbo OS, Ojo OD, Ajibade AE, Okolie CE and Enaibe BU

Neuroprotective Effects of Kolaviron on the Hippocampus of Foetal Wistar Rats Induced with Aluminium Chloride In-utero

Exposure to toxicants in-utero could lead to teratogenic malformation including neurodegeneration. Aluminium, a neurotoxin causes the release of free radicals which results in disrupted homeostasis however, its mechanism of action is not fully established. The present study was designed to investi...

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Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the world, second only to cataract and as such, a source of major public health concern. The aim of this study was to find a correlation between intraocular pressure and waist hip ratio for patients with glaucoma and compare data with non-glauco...

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Keji, ST, Enaibe, BU, Lewu, FS, Arogundade, TT, Bamisi, O, Atoyebi A, Tokunbo OS, Yawson EO, Ojo OD, Ajibade AE, Olajide OJ and Okolie CE

Neuro-Protective Attenuating Efficacy of Niazimicin on Neonate Prefrontal Cortex in Second Week Lead-Induced Toxicity; Wister Rat Model

The activities of Lead, a quite extensively studied environmental and occupational heavy metal, is been desired by several as a means of income, creating boundless possibility for it neurotoxic effect which is more pronounce in children neuropsychological development. Niazimicin (Nz), an isolate o...

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Anatomy is one of the oldest disciplines in the world and an essential component of all the professional degrees, including Medicine, Dentistry Nursing Pharmacy, and Physiotherapy. Undoubtedly undergraduate anatomy education is on the decline globally [1-3] albeit, more in the developed countries th...

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The hypoglycaemic property of ethanolic leaves extract of Costusaferkergawl on the pancreas of alloxan induced diabetic Wistar rats was evaluated to unravel the basis for its use in diabetes. Twenty-five male wistar rats weighing 180-200g were equally distributed into five groups of five rats desi...

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Enyioma-Alozie S, Ezemagu UK, Aligwekwe AU, Aguwa US, Wali CC , Anama P

The Effects of Calabash Chalk on the Female Reproductive Organs: An In-Vivo Study

The present study investigated the effects of Calabash Chalk on the histoarchitecture of the ovary and the uterus of adult wistar rats. Twenty one female wistar rats weighing between 180-200g were used for this study. All the animals were housed properly and fed with feed and water ad libitum. Dai...

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Angular facial analysis is important in human identification and for use between populations. The aim of this study was to determine the facial norms of the Isoko people by using facial analysis. A total number of 180 subjects comprising 90 males and 90 females of Isoko origin were recruited for t...

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Ojigho JE, Oladipo GS and Oyakhire MO

A study of Fingerprints in Delta State, Nigeria

Utilizing prints as a means of identification is one of the widespread methods in forensic anthropology and the most popular is fingerprint. The study aimed at investigating fingerprint patterns of individuals from Delta State, Nigeria. Participants were 85males and females each respectively. Fing...

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Chronic aluminum toxicity induces cellular alterations and oxidative stress thereby causing neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease. This study elucidated the neuroprotective efficacy of Moringa oleifera (MO) on aluminum-chloride (AlCl ) induced Alzheimer's disease (AD) in adult Wi...

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Ibrahim T, Buraimoh AA, Ojo SO, Adamu AA, Babayemi JO, Mustapha M, Iliyasu MO, Aliyu IA, Ahmed I, Miko AM, Shehu AU and Ahmed IM

Sonographic Measurement of Renal Dimensions and its Correlates with some Anthropometric Parameters in Healthy Adults in Zaria, Northwestern Nigeria

Measurement of renal dimensions is essential in making decisions for renal transplant, avoiding or commencement of immunosuppressive therapy, renal biopsy and in monitoring and prognosticating disease progression or stability.The present study was designed to establish normative baseline renal siz...

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David LK, Oyarkhire MO, Yorkum LK and Iziomo PM

Prevalence of Epilepsy in Port Harcourt, Rivers State

Epilepsy is the most common neurologic diseases in developing countries including Nigeria. It is an important health problem in these countries, where its prevalence can be up to 57 per 1000 population. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of epilepsy in Port Harcourt, Rivers State,...

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Iliya AI, Chechet G, Muhammad SA, Adetiba B, Akpulu P, Entonu E, Folajin OS, Zavandza DK and Balarabe H,

Determination of Genomic DNA Concentration and Purity in Diabetic Rats (Rattus norvegicus) Treated with Aqueous Extract of Saccharum officinarum Stem Bark

Reliable measurement of genomic DNA quantity and quality is a fundamental variable in diabetic research. The aim of the research was to evaluate the quantity and quality of dsDNA in the liver of type 2 induced diabetic rats after treatment with aqueous extract ofSaccharum officinarum stem bark. 25 ...

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The effect of ethanolic leave extract of Nauclea latifolia and Artemether-Lumfantrine was investigated in a suppressive model of malaria on the hippocampus of Swiss albino mice. Mice were infected intraperitoneally with P berghei 1 x 107 parasites, and then treated within an hour with Na...

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Adamu LH, 0jo SA, Danborno B, Adebisi SS and Taura MG

Sex Variation in Thumbprint Minutiae Among Hausa Lineage

Fingerprint minutiae show great individuality in different populations and also been considered as a basic feature used for identification in the field of Human Biology. The aim of the study is to determine the frequency distribution, sexual dimorphism and sex discriminating features using thumbprin...

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This study was targeted at investing the effects of Moringa oleifera seed oil in cadmium and herbal alcoholic beverage induced haematological disorders in Wistar rats. The investigated haematological parameters included haematocrit (HCT), haemoglobin (HGB), lymphocytes (LYM), mean corpuscular haem...

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During routine dissection for medical students at the Department of Anatomy, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria, an adult male cadaver was found with an unusual, unilateral, long cylindrical muscle mass, within a separate fascial sheet, at the back of the left shoulder, extending from th...

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This study investigated the effects of Parkia clappertoniana (PC) on the hippocampal structure and functions in Lithium Chloride-Pilocarpine-induced Epilepsy in Wistar rat Model. A total of 36 adult male Wistar rats were used for this study and divided into groups A to F, group A (Control), B (200...

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The estimation of standing height (stretched stature) is considered as one of the important parameters in the identification of a person. The aim of this research is to correlate and estimate Standing height using sitting height amongst indigenes of Northern Senatorial district of Cross River Stat...

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Recent findings show conflicting evidences of both beneficial and deleterious effects of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). Ascorbic acid (ACA) is a source of antioxidant. This study seeks to examine the role of iNOS in acetaminophen (APAP)-induced liver damage following treatment with ACA. Twe...

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The study was carried out to compare the carrying angle of athletes in selected sports and non-athletes in South- South and South-East Nigeria, from age 22 to 36years old. Measurements were done using universal goniometer and flexible curve. A total of four hundred and seventy-two (472) males (140...

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This study examined gross morphology and osteometry of vertebrae [lumbar (L), sacrum (S) and coccygeal (C)] and pelvic bones of male New Zealand white rabbits (Oryctolaguscuniculus) and their clinical relevance. Ten healthy male rabbits weighing between 2.8-3.2kgwere used. The animals were sacrifi...

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Prof. G.S. Oladipo

Editorial

The current issue of the Journal of Anatomical Sciences contains 17 peer-reviewed research articles that cut across different areas of Anatomical Sciences and 47 conference proceedings (oral presentations) of the 16th Annual Scientific Conference of the Anatomical Society of Nigeria held in Cala...

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Blacks have a delayed ability to excrete salt when compared with whites despite comparable levels of renal function. The basis is not fully understood. Salt retention is a major cause of hypertension. This study aimed to assess and compare renin, angiotensin II, aldosterone and atrial natriuretic p...

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Epilepsy is the third most common neurologic disorder, following stroke and Alzheimer's disease. It affects an estimated 1% of the world's population and has no respect for age and gender. This study was designed to examine the histomorphology of neurons in the different sub-fields of the hippocam...

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In this study we evaluated the changes in the pancreatic islet volume of diabetic rats following treatment with aqueous extract of Tectona grandis (teak) leaves. 25 apparently healthy young male Wistar rats divided into five (5) groups (normal control, diabetic control and three treatment groups) ...

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The mtDNA variation of 40 individuals (Asholio and Atakar) from Southern Kaduna, in Northern Nigeria, were examined by high-resolution RFLP analysis. The resulting data were combined with published RFLP haplotype from sub-Saharan African populations and then were subjected to phylogenetic analysis...

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Bienonwu EO, Ukwuonu UC, Benwoke WI, Adagboyin O and Omotoso DR

Platymeric and Robusticity Index of the Femur in Nigerian Population

Anatomical awareness of different femoral dimensions is important in anthropological and medicolegal practice for sex/racial determination and as well as to radiologist, rheumatologist and orthopedic surgeons for diagnosis and planning of treatment. Morphology and statistical analysis of femoral a...

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This study aimed at determining the anthropometric measurements of the It was carried out by measuring the digit length of 350 volunteers consisting of 175 males and 175 female hand-sports participants (i.e. Basketball, Volleyball, Table tennis, Lawn tennis and Badminton) non-hand sport participa...

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G.S. Oladipo, Ph.D

Editorial

The current issue of the Journal of Anatomical Sciences contains 22 reports of well researched and reviewed scientific papers that will appeal to many readers of the journal. Most articles are from the major areas of Anatomical Sciences. There is a good spread of local and foreign papers. This ...

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Body adiposity measures and the ratio of the second-to-fourth digit (2D:4D) of the hand is documented to exhibit strong relationship with cardio-metabolic risk factors (CMRF). High blood pressure is a hall mark of CMRF. Globally, the predictors of CMRF do not demonstrate universal validity across ...

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Male reproductive capacity continues to be adversely affected by environmental, industrial and pharmaceutical toxins. The producing power of sperm cells in the testis and the sperm modification activities in the epididymis are fundamental in establishing male capacity to reproduce itself. Medicina...

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Acute pancreatitis has been reported during and after malaria treatment. This study characterized the effects of six artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) on the blood glucose, pancreas histology and insulin immunolocalization in a curative malaria model. Forty male Swiss adult mice were ...

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The histological and immunohistochemical assessment of the effects of co-administration of Allium sativum ethanolic extract and Vitamin C on the medial prefrontal cortex of mercuric chloride induced neurotoxicity model Wistar rats was investigated. Thirty-five adult Wistar rats weighing 150 - 180 ...

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Eze GI, Akonoafua KA and Afimoni EE

Effects of Energy Drinks on the Heart and Blood Vessels

There are a myriad of energy drink brands and this depicts both their popularity and the size of the available market. However, numerous adverse effects have come to be associated with their consumption. This study was carried out to investigate the effects of the consumption of energy drinks on t...

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Osaat, RS., Didia, BC., Osunwoke, AE., Amadi, PN

C-Line Termination of Autistic Subjects in Nigeria

C-line termination patterns have been found to be of great importance in population studies. However, recent studies also revealed its usefulness in the diagnosis of some genetic diseases. This study aimed at evaluating the C-line termination patterns of autistic subjects in Nigeria as compared wi...

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Dermatoglyphic studied epidermal configurations on the fingers and palms of the hands; the toes and the soles of the feet. Once these skin ridges are formed in the mother's womb, remain persistent until decomposition in the tomb. This study therefore, aimed at analyzing the qualitative dermatoglyp...

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Okoseimiema SC, Morgan AO and David LK

Radiological Morphometry of Adult Clavicle in Rivers State

This work was carried out to determine the average length and mid shaft diameter of the clavicle; to determine the correlation between the Clavicular length and mid shaft diameter of the clavicle on both right and left sides of the clavicle of adults in Rivers State. This work also seeks to establ...

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The attendant overcrowding in dissecting rooms and difficulty in procurement and preservation of cadavers, variations present in cadaveric specimen and the need to learn layout to recreate common surgical operations were the reasons for which the concept of anatomical modeling was opted for. The aim...

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The concept of anatomical modelling was brought to the fore as a result of difficulty in procurement and preservation of cadavers and the attendant overcrowding in dissecting rooms, variations present in cadaveric specimen and the need to learn layout to recreate common surgical operations. This stu...

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Enaibe BU, Lewu FS, Olajide OJ, Bamisi O, Atoyebi A, Keji ST; Arogundade TT, Yawson EO, Tokunbo OS; Ojo OD

Neuroprotective Effects of Kolaviron on the Hippocampus of Foetal Wistar Rats in-Utero using Biochemical Markers

Pregnancy spans from conception till birth. Drugs and substances administered during pregnancy have the potential to reach the brain by crossing the blood brain barrier (BBB). Kolaviron has been reported to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This study aimed to investigate the effe...

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Enaibe BU, Ajibade AE, Lewu FS, Olajide OJ, Arogundade TT, Yawson EO, Tokunbo OS, Bamisi O, Atoyebi A, Keji ST, Ojo OD and Alabi AS

Neuroanatomical studies of crude aqueous annona muricata leaf extract on hippocampus of the maternal and foetal Wistar rats

The period of conception to child birth is a very sensitive period and occurs naturally without any interference but the food or drinks consumed during this period has a major role to play on the developmental stages of the fetus either positively or negatively. Hence, the critical study on some h...

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Uchewa OO, Okornkwo SO, Egwu JA, Okoronkwo AC and Chukwu AM

Cardiotoxicity Induced Lead Acetate: The Role of Ficus Vogelii Extract

The heart as it is one of the major organs that sustain the part of human body because the contractility of its muscles helps to supply blood that maintains them. To investigate the effects of lead acetate on the cardiac muscles and the potency of the extract of Ficus vogelii as a useful herb. The...

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Abue AD, Rimamtsab J, Umana UE, Ujaddughe OM, Aniah JA

Work-Related Physical Activities Associated with Musculoskeletal Disorders

Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) are injury or pain affecting the musculoskeletal system. According to previous studies, MSD decrease productivity at work due to sick leave, absenteeism and early retirement, and are also costly in terms of treatment. This study assessed work-related physical activ...

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Consumption of fructose, widely used in food processing including soft drinks, has been associated with the occurrence of prediabetes and its complications. This has greatly contributed to the rapid increase in the number of people living with Diabetes Mellitus globally. Senna siamea, a tropical p...

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This study was done to evaluate the relationship between low back pain (LBP) duration and selected anthropometric parameters. A total of 990 Participants, comprising 685 male and 305 female subjects were recruited by convenient purposive sampling method after detailed explanation of research proce...

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Lead (Pb2+) is a toxic heavy metal, unsafe even in small amounts. This study evaluated the histological and biochemical effects of lead acetate at different durations and dose on the liver of Wistar rats of both sexes. Thirty-Six (36) adult Wistar rats, were categorized into six groups, with each g...

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Cassava is a root vegetable widely consumed in developing countries. It provides some important nutrients and resistant starch, which may have health benefits. Cassava can have dangerous effects too, especially if it is eaten raw and in large quantities. Of immense significance is the presence of c...

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