Prevalence and Pattern of Congenital Musculoskeletal Disorders among New Born Babies in Port Harcourt, Nigeria
Studies have shown that musculoskeletal system disorders are one of the most common congenital anomalies. The physical and psychological burden on the child, family, and the society are enormous especially in low-income countries like Nigeria. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and pattern of congenital musculoskeletal disorders among new-borns in Port Harcourt. The study analysed all referrals and deliveries during the study period for assessment of any obvious musculoskeletal abnormalities. Data was analyzed using Statgraphics centurion CVI version 16.1.11 and Statistics Package for Social Science. p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results reveal that 128 new-born had congenital musculoskeletal disorders, with a prevalence of 3.28/1000 births. 88 (68.75%) of all the observed abnormalities involved the lower limbs, with a prevalence of 2.25/1000 births. The most common disorder was congenital talipes equinovarus. In conclusion, Congenital musculoskeletal anomalies have a prevalence of 3.28 per 1000 births. Lower limbs are more affected than other regions of the body, and congenital talipes equinovarus deformity is the most common abnormality seen. Males were more affected than females.
Key Words: Congenital, musculoskeletal, disorders, prevalence, pattern