The Anthropological Prevalence of People Living with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Visiting the Maitama District Hospital Abuja( A Retrospective Study)
Type 2 diabetes (T2D), formerly known as adult-onset diabetes, is a form of diabetes that is characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance, and relative lack of insulin. Common symptoms include increased thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss.Symptoms may also include increased hunger, feeling tired, and sores that do not heal. The aim of the research is to have a Knowledge of the number of people that lived with Diabetes Mellitus while attending Maitama District hospital from June 2007 and June 2010. This research work was an observatory using retrospective design in which all patients charts who sought services at the Maitama District Hospital in Abuja Nigeria between June 2007 to June 2010 were seen. A week was dedicated to view the hospital files of patients diagnosed of Diabetes Mellitus in the hospital after signing a confidentiality agreement with the hospital Management. The anthropological Prevalence rate of type 2 DM visiting the Maitama District Hospital Abuja from 1st june ,2007 to June 2010 was found to be approximately1.6% as shown in table below.When analysed along gender line,the prevalence was found to be 1.2% for females and 2.6% for Males.Anthropologically,one impediment to our understanding of type 2 DM had been the limited scope of our studies.With causes rooting from man's prehistory and evolution to endocrine function and subcellular interactions to behavioral psychology.Type2 DM does not easily yield to the fine,precise dissecting lens of modern medical science.The more encompassing biocultural view of medical anthropology provides additional perspective that is looking at the environmental,Cultural and biological dimensions gives us a clearer understanding of this disease which ultimately helps us solve the problem of this disease.
Key Words: Anthropological,Prevalence,Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus,Maitama