A Study of Fingerprints in Relation to Gender and Blood Group ABO Among Students of Madonna University Elele Campus, Rivers State
Dermatoglyphics is a term used to describe the epidermal ridge configuration found on the skin surfaces of the digits, palms, toes and soles of the feet. Prints of these ridge patterns are important for identification of an individual's true identity. The present study evaluates the relationship between palmar dermatoglyphics patterns in blood group ABO among students in Madonna university Elele campus, Rivers state. A total number of 200 human subjects, 100 males and 100 females with an age range of 18-25 years were included in this study. Dermatoglyphics of the digital and palmar areas were determined using a classical scanner type, Hp G3110 Scanjet Scanner (9000x4800 dpi resolution). Before printing electric power was switched on so as to power the laptop and the scanner, the subject's data were taken on a plain paper; these include tag number which replaces the subject's name (example TGM for the male students, TGF for the female students), gender and age. The data obtained was analyzed statistically and the percentage frequency was used. This study reveals that most of the Subjects belonged to O blood group (59%) followed by blood group A (20%), B (17.5%) and AB (3.5%). The result of this study revealed association between dermatoglyphic, blood group and sex.
Key Words: Dermatoglyphics, blood group, finger prints, gender, varaiation